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      Oaea ca pecae coo copaeo e ccepa K. A. Paxaya, oopa a pa ae M, o e a aea -a cep aopa. (pe. M. Ayoa).
      B paoe ec peaopca paa yoe, ceae pyo M. Ayoa. B ao a c paa coxpaea, ca yyec o e, ao ee ooo ea M. Ayo.

      oc pcoo apoa "Maac" oceae oxo eeapoo pcoo oap Maaca paccaae o ox oeceo-ox cox, cax c ero eeoc.
      Beo aee oca xapaepc coao-ooecx ca pa pcoo apoa. B "Maace" opaee poooro, apapxao-paoaeecoo apapxao-eoaoo cpo. ee poooo a oce oo poce a eo pe pepo, Ta, o ocy ocoa oopa aoo pcoo epo-eo po. epo oaa pee ceo aece pecae oo pyoo poa, oop, a pao, cea ocyo ceye a co oe ee. B oe Maaca c oaa yacy e ce po oceeo, a eo opoe pa, cpeec oy ac co py, pe oe copo cya o-a a o pooo oe po pyoro, a co oao po ca aa, a oa a, a eco, pocxo ooo poa-oa o co . ae copa Maaca ya, caa co oy a Maaca eo copaa Aaea, ce pe oepae co paeoc poy Hoy paeoc Maaca poy .
      paa, ec yo ooopc, o e pooaa o eoaa ccee apapxao-eoax ooe, oope xapaepyc e, o p x epe poox oe cya a oy ococyey accy eoao. Ho oce e ee a pax ep. Ec ap x po, ec Maac co co copaa ec prc apo, oop Maac aae, oee ocooae o yeeoo a. Pooa oooa ooex apo acc epc peo. "Maace" e oo pooy ay, o ee pooo eopa. Hapep, oa oee po coeco cya oxo po oeo paa, o a cxoe cape pac o oeaa. "a" a ae eco, o pe, opac oxoo po poe, pa ace Me Aaeoa o oeaao. B "Maace" epe "Be oxoo", a coea xao oe paec o oeaa. B "ae" axo opaee oeaaa oa c po opooo o po poe, a oa oaac, x aca co opy. B ae oce epe "Be oxoo" Maac oo a e pae cox oo opooo o, papea paoc ce, o e xoe oea. o ce o aepeac epyc oo, . . oaac o oxoa. Toa Maac pee e cy opy, a ecye a x co aopeo: o oeae oco, eocppy coe ee oyeco, oce eo ce o, a oecye oc, ooyeee Maaco, y a "Be oxo".
      ae "Maace" caaec c co, opaa opaoae coa ee oaa epexo o oo coa epaoao . oce eporo cooe Maaca c aac aa, oa p pcx poo pxo a oo o, a coea pooaao paec peee yye ecoa coeco po oeo paa. oce cooe Maaca c ac oap Hecapo Hyepo cape a coea pea pa xaa, oop oe ec apo a ox epeco o apecc acx xao. pa oaaec Maac.
      M cpeae oce ae caa, oope xapaep epoa paoe epoo-ooro cpo, oa oa, epeca cocoo caoa, pepaaec oco poce eec pa paea, a oeaa caoc o ae poa. (...)
       "Maace" aco cpeac ae caa: "Tee ye co, ee yo oaco! Ho pae ao coa y ao, pae ao oaca y ae? Pae oo e e y ac a ao?" p ycpoce peca o apecy ero aopa oop: "Pae o ya oae y ao, o c ycpaa p a ec p?"
      Ca Maac c eo copoa copaa co aae oey pyy e. copaax Maaca roopc, o o pa, pee copoa ec, o epxo, o eo, o c, o oo , . Ocoo oepaec, Maac pec oraco cay, ex ae o, a ocex, e . . Ha eco cop, o a ye coaac py a pae ca eoaa. Ta opao, oce opaee poecca caoe eoaoo cpo, ee oopoo poc aoope ec xao po Maaca. O ye e poco pooaa, peec coa ee, a acca, occae po cepea. Ca aoop xao ec oooco op oex eoao po oee eoaoo oapxa.
      Ho y pcoo apoa poecc copecoo pa e oco ye.Bo o Opco peo p ocaac ca apapxao-eoax ooe.
      ooy noce e ap pax eoax ooe, eo opeexc acco eoao peoco, ao cpeaec c eee apoa a paopax pao.Booe e coo "pa" ec opeeec aoee yee, axyee cocoe.Ho ecop a o, o p oo pe axoc ccee ax paoaeecx ocyapc, a Ka pa, a y oex pcx aao ae aa, ocyaee ceo pac pyo, paoaeec cpo y po e oy ooro pa, o paoaeeca ccea e a ocoo xoca e coa eo pao po. po cyecoa e paoaeece ooe, a apapxao-pao:aeece, oa ocoa pooca coxpaa pooy oooy. ooy xo oce yoac pa (apep, y Kee x o 700), yaaec co x, x aece poee . ., ce e e o aoo-o yac pao xoceo apoa.


ae-aac opaec ae o x


      Copae yee orpaecx ax o caex oca "Maac" aaoc oce Beo Opco coaceco . ooy aepa, oop pacoaae, ec o peyecy ocae eeoc ex caee, oope cpaeo eao y a .
      e a o ae ox o pee ca, e cyee cee o e. eo pe caee XIX , pacoaae oo opo a, yaa, o ae-o aac ao-o epo, a-o co "Maaca".
      Ha eec epe e, coe epe ec o oe. Cae Caa Opoao oo ece coeo apaa yoae eoeo aca-p (), oop, o, p Maace ocea eo e. Caa oop, o oo oy ocaoy p Maaca aca-p ocea o oo oo cea o, o ee ec. Kpoe o, cao oce y ecox copeex aac ce opyax Maaca yppye oap-ee o e p-yy, oao o eo .
       pcoo apoa coxpaac eea o o, o o epoe apox caa Tooy-p o caee "Maaca" 500 e aa.
      Oee cap coa ee aac o e Hoopy, eo yo XVIII coe, o ax cee o eo eeoc e.

      ep caee, cyecoae oopoo ce e oo ca eccop, xo cee o e oe eeo, Kee apoo, yep pepo 80-x oax pooo coe. eco, o o poc ecoc eap yo o yep eae-e Aac pao. oey o epeoea yco o T-a, eeco. He cee ae o eo coao pocxoe ax. Keee, a o o pyx aac, paccaa, yo aao eo caeco eeoc cao c ee ey Maaca. Cyecye eea o o, o Kee 17-18-ee opace e o ce Maaca eo copao, oope opeoa, o o e "Maaca". o aac coa a o aec acepe-ee, oop oo o o - o c oaa e ey ee. acepce Keea eca aa oeca eea: oa o aa co "Maaca", oac c eep, pcac e, co, axoc a acax, ca pea a, epeco ae, o ocoax apoa aac Kee oopeeo axape, e-o poe aaa, ocea ox, ocoeo e oce poo, e oee o "Maaca", o pya e eee . B pyo eee aa Oco, po cey, pac Keea co "Maaca", oce eo ea Ocoa o aepeeea poa ca.
      B apoe paccaa, o Kee o peoa eoc ey o ce Maaca oce aoe Maca, axoc Taace coep a epo .

      pyo ae cae, pepo y e oxy, o Kee, a (eypa) Kyapo. Tox ax o pee eo poe cep e. eco oo, o o poc Taace, ee eoopoe pe oce Keea yep opace ooo 80 e yco oe eaeo o eeo opoa pye. o pocxoe a xoe pocoo apoa- yap, paa poy Capa. Hacoee eo o eypa, a a (pa)-poe, oopoe a ey, a e o-o, aoaee py.
      eco oc a poe, paoa o ay y pax . Kp o pe oac o.-acoy xay. opo Taac axoc o aopo oacoo oa, eo . Aye-Aa (e ay). B o pepac e aacce aa oa aa ap y ayeacoy oy oacoo xaa, oop oca eo aece ooa oa, copaoro c . Ka epeaa ca a, o y Haaa ocaoc oea y aoe Maaca, ec ey pcc Maac co co copaa, oop ee ey e o e. o p Haaa a co oy epe acee Kye, oopoy eo ee oe opaoc. Kye epo apa aa a co e pc aaa, aec ace Taaca Aa ype. B ce o yaao, o o epa aa "oee ocae". C oro pee o cao cep a oe eoeo p aaax Aae ypre. B Taace o aec ea ce ea aaccx . A oa o pae cooo aaa aa epecec ycy oy, o ec pope aoe e e.
      B apoe coxpaac a o ae a o aao ee - caee po "Maac". epea, o o e c o oeo p ce caoro opaa o yaco oxoo Maaca. K coae, coepae oca coe aa, eo pee ec e e acac o ac e o. paooc eo cee pyoopa a e. Cap xapaepy eo a peooo eoea.
      C aa Haaa ae caee "Maaca", o cee o eo eeoc oa ee e ye.

      Cae Te ae poc 1846 oy ecoc Kaap cc-Kyco o yep 1902 oy ecoc Ty T-aco oac. Oe Tea eo. Ca Te c 14 e caoc poeccoa caee, 20- e aae e "Maaca", a 25 e ye ece ce Kp aece aac. C oo pee o e a cpeca, ocyae ey, a ey-cae. B 30 e o caoc acoo ae, o aa a epooo cope pa ero peceaee e, o o oa aae y ooc.
      Ee o coe oca "Maac" Te ece cpee cox oape, a a pecx ece. oypoc Tea a acoo ea, o eo paa cae aee . cya, oa p aao, copac ooo opoa Toaa a aaeo cay Coopoa, pac Tea, oop e "Maaca" eee 30 e. Koeo, o cya e oo epe epxya aa. oop, o aco ocaaac y eo ca peaa ocya oy. Booe e epep coe "Maaca" co yea eo, oa o coa cyaee aa e.
      Haao caeco eeoc y Tea oe caec co . Ho apoo paccae roopc o o, a y oo Te yc co "Maaca". epoe pe o co ero yee. a o o, oe Tea apea apaa, pac capo aca ca e epe , a ae oa eo a yy ecoy aac oay, y oopoo Te eee ecox e ooc po cae. Ka paccaa, ca Te e opa oo, o o "yc" o pyx caee, aa x ea.
      ac "Maaca" coe Tea e pooac. eco, o o co no ec ce po.

      Maac oe Oypo pocxo poa yy, poc ecoc Type cc-Kyco o 1880 , yep a e 1925 . Eo oe e poce apa, ca o ac coe oe apa.
      Topeca eeoc Oypoa oe caec co coee. B 20-ee opace o o ya o ce caaa Kae-ey Maaca, a ae, o opo pa Aaea - copaa Maaca o x peoa aa e. Ka ac peae, oa Oypo xo Taac, e oce aoe Maaca, , ocac Taace, ooo 6 e y aex aa Kapaaa Kaa aece coe - cae "". ae, epeexa ycy oy ec 3-4 oa y aaa aa A oe aece aac. Bepyc yo o a poy, Oypo opo pee yexa Ka, e pooa e "Maaca", ece c ec aac cyaxyo, xoe acx po. Ka e Oypo opac aaye occa 1916 , oaec cee. Bo pe occa ooea coa Ka , oep a ce, opac oo.
      oe o yx acepo coe "Maaca". Ka epea, coee oa o oe a aa poo cyaee coe oee, oe aa. Bapa Oypoa e aca.

      o cx op yoa ex caee "Maaca", o oopx e o poeeo ace. epexo eep eoca opo py eo, o oopx cea ooee ayo ooe ac eco. ep o py ec Caa Opoao. Be a (o a), a aa eo apo, poc 1867 , ecoc Kapa cc-Kyco . Oe eo opc y ecoo pcoo xaa Opoa. oce cep xaa oe cae Opoa epeeae Kapy, e e c cee o cao coe cep. Caa poe co Koope. Bo pe occa ece c py ooea Ka epyc oya 1917 oy.
      o o, a ca aee, Caa paoa ceo xoce, ac apao, ce xe . . e "Maaca" o aae c 16-17 e, o ee o oro caoc ec "a "coe" pecx ocoeo opcecx . Ca aac, Caa pooae coaa xyoecee poee pyx apo, O oepa coee ece-pa ("oo"), a ae aopo coao-ococo o "3aa", e o ocae eoe ooee pcoro apoa ae a eo xo. oo oro Caa o aoo apox ece, oope, coae, e aca eo coe.
      Booe Caa eoeo c o pyoopo, xo e e aoeoo opaoa. O ye a a apaco pe , yy peo, cac cp opyax co a apaa.
      ae Caa o paccaa, o o oe epecoac ooee apoa, eooe apc peo peo poa a-aao. B o cee eca xapaep eo caa o ape Hoae. Ka-o cpe acee paecc cyx o eoo ce, yo pcec ap: oa ap ce a poe, oc apa yapo poo ca eo a e. Toy o co, Caa a, o "oa a Maaca o ce aa apa, o ooc aoopo oao, a ap e ye cepy e py ap, a co, yp".
      Caa o ex cacx pecaee capoo ooe ao, op yaoc ye Coecy . O cpe ee paoc ca opo cya po a-aacx aoacecx eeo.
      Haao coe opeco eeoc Caa, a ce eo peece, o-a ocer e coee, o paccao copeeo a eco, o o ee ece oe yeac "Maaco" cya coee o cex aex aac oo pee, o ce Keea aa. Cyecye peae o o, o Kee, cya coee oca Caae, cea ey yaa acaeo pee ecyi.
      B coe Caa a acaa epa ac por, . . ec o cao . ac aaac 1922 ., o opye Hapopoca Typecaco pecy, aoea a 1926 . B c c oe Caa poo ac e yaoc.
      "Maac" Caa cocae 260 . . ec o yx poee pcoo . Ero apa, ace p oe oa, acepc ocae coao-x co aacec eaa, oaec coo xyoeceoc oecoo e, o oo popae -a pcyc e yx ao ee oca peox oo eca apccx . o oe peox eeo apae ocec e, o Caa, yy peo eoeo, yca cooecye o oce,
      O ax Caa eo x caa eco, o o cea capac aoee oo opa oce . He e ceaoro opaoa, ocya epaype, o copa epecoae ero ae ye pacpoco "yex" e, o, oeo, e o epepaaa oyee cee . B acoee pe ycaoeo, o eoope pce aoac, ocooac ocoe ae Caa copec aa, o o "ocya" ya ey apcce . o x coey Caa, apep, e co ec oee cpo o ope Maaca c e Mypoe ae c Haoeoo. Ho o oee o, e cae c ceo, oope e o o a coepae oca eo.
Caa yep 1930 oy Koope.

      pyro aoee ac aac - a copee Caa Kapaae poa yy. Poc o 1894 oy ee e-yco paoe cc-Kyo . Oe ero eo.
      Caa c eca paoa o ay. B 1916 oy 22-e pa yace occa pcoro apoa c eoop oapa ea Ka, o a y aepa apc . ac aepax a aea, a Caa yaoc ea. o 1918 oa o paoa y ooro yaa, ae opooo cy Kpacy ap, e po o 1922 ., yacy ox c eorapea acaa. o opae ap aa paoa cecx coecx opaax.
      pepo 1924 , Caa cpec co caee "Maaca" oe yceo ca ya ec coeoo oca, oop oe yeac pae.
      Kapaae ca paccaae o cee, o c ecx e o po cooc oecoy opecy co pece cx. Eo epo yee a aya, oopa oe oo paccaaa ey o "Maace". Xo oa e a caee, o aa coepae "Maaca" oeco apox cao, ee, pea . .
      C 1924 . aaac eeoc Kapaaea a cae "". Bece c e o pooa paoa coe xoce, a 1929 , cy oxo.
      Caa apo a-opeooce. Haao coe opeco eeoc o e cae oo coee, o eae eopy ooopy: o ca e "Maaca" oo epe ce e oce coe o ooy, o o ce ey yaa o cpo.
      Ceac coe Caa aca ce p ac por, . e. ec o Maace, Ceeee Ceee. Kpoe oo, ocee o o eo aca ee pae oca, oecy o payax .
      Bapa Caa a o ceoy ocpoe, a o c aeo oaec o Caaeco o.