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     ocepx orpaecx cee o Pycae coxpaoc oe ao. a co, oya epae opa o aope o,- o poo "B apcoo ype".
     Coaco eco pa cpeeeo, aae pooa pocaec coae ceeo, oeeo-eeca ca, y oopo o poc coec opoeca. aee aop oeo oceae apy Taap ee ya-copae aa Coca, a ae oop o cee, o coe opeco ace.
     poo, opaec ca c oeoaeo ac o, oo aa o ypaee "B apcoo ype". Eo apxeoa cpoa oceoaea. ec ooe, oo ae caa, eopeco acee eappoa ace aopa, ope .



     Ka yeppe oep, o cye o oeo y eo o poee. yy caeo pee, oeppoa paee ocox e oo, poo cy o oa opeca oa coo eo .
oa "B apcoo ype" ocea ape Taap:

          Bocoe Taap-apy, oaey co!
          o coee oca e oa-o.
          Me epo a poca, y - oepo aaa.
          Ko a o ope, cpae o yaa.
          (epeo H. aoooo)

     o c a eepa cpoa poora . o pace, xoe pao a oo epa ey cy oepa epx, a aa, oe Taap, a epo -ee cpo, a poc, peey . Cy o pace, Taap a Pycae oo oxoee eo o, ye ey pepace opa Heca Ta (ocoeo Heca). B eaao cpoe poora o oop: "ae ce eep oo e: ocea y, oopy ... ee ao (ocaaeo) aa ae ocxa ee" (ocpo epeo). ocoy ece c Taap o oceae ee cypya - aa Coca, ocoy "B apcoo ype" coa epo apcoa Taap aa, o ec ey 1189 1207 oa ( 1189 roy Taap coeaac pao c ao Coca, a 1207 oy a cac).
     Ceo oo yepa, o "B apcoo ype" e o ep poeee Pycae. o po caao ye poao e eepo cpoe poo.
     B pooe aop a paa oop o cee: "Ce , Pycae, c poe -a ero (Tapa) cepe... , Pycae, oeye o , c a oooe eo". a, aop "B" - Pycae (apxaa opa - ). Coo "Pycae" oaae ypoea aee Pyca. yx - Pyca Mecxe (o py) Pyca xepecoo ccoo (a eppop copeeoo opoa) - ca c ee aopa o. Heope epaype co, ocoeo apoe pea, aa Pycae ecxo. B X-XII eax Mecxe eceo paa oe ay po oeco yypo py. ae oec yyp epo cc (xepec) Pyca. pooac cop o o, ypoee ( aeee) aoo Pyca aop "B apcoo ype".
      Pycae - . Oo aceecoao a aye epayp aa (cpaeo oero pocxoe), a ceo pocc pycoo oacp C. Kpeca epycae. Ha ooe oo oacp o cx op coxpac eoe xyoeceo ooe oppe Pycae c ac, oopo yepeo aec Pycae - oa. Ey o ac pcaec ec pecapa pocc oacp. Pocc ac apyc epo ooo XIII ea. B pyx cex oyeax, oocxc y e oacp, Pycae aa "eypeyxyec", o ec ocyapce . Ha oppee Pycae opae yp cape oao oae cecoo eo, a ooao cooy caoy (apy) ap Taap. To ocoeco, o oa Pycae ac rocyapce eee, poce ceec xapaep pooa "B", eae oee o coepae pa copecx aeo pea. Hepyo ya opaey oe xyoecey eceoc .
     B py pacpocpae ee, a cpe oapco o C. Kpeca - pea o ocpe Pycae o oe coe oax, o cep opee eo epycaco oacpco oe.
     Coeo ee o o, yo oa "B apcoo ype" , aco, ee poo a oyoa ae e epea Pycae, paeca o oopoo Taap yo oea eo o eya.
     B pooe Pycae eceo oop, o cxo c ya, ypae pa o, "oy ocy pa"; o oa - eo . Oao ooae coa e ceye ooa co poeo: o oecx epo aop epeae coe ooyeee, paae yco cpeeo yae co oee aoee - ap ape py, pepacee e - Taap. C yoa oee oop o o ooo cypye Taap, yeceo ae Coca (eyeo ec o). Ho aeece cpo e e eo oeo c eepo popo popoo oa. Pycae, a c c coero oeeca, e o e ocxac eoeo Taap, ee oae, ocp yo, apce ee. o copeeo, ceee yaco eaoo pacea ycexo poo cpa, ocyx p Taap. Bce o, payeec, oxoo eo a coae oecoo eepa , ececeo, ao opaee oe.
     Heope cceoae ca, o ocoo po xo eocpece ooo a oa py ex peceoa, oop yo o oepac, a o-a paeca o Pycae Taap.
     peooe, coaco oop Pycae peceoa ae ca py, o aey e, eyee: cooe oeceoe ooee oa, aaeoe o oa eo , opoepae y oy . oe eo aa, oop oepac Pycae a aop o (o aceecoao cpaeo oee o ). oe , o-oy, oycoe o oo copo-eooreco ocaoo, oopa coac py o peea oocoo aoea. ococye epoo-epae py ca, o ec, opyec a py, o c oeceo apo a pacyeoc pao peepoe yeee e coaa.
     B pooe "B" oe aopce a o (apoe) o (ypoa). B eaao cpoe oopc:

     o (cxoopco) aao oa cep ypoc, oeceoe ( e) ceye oca oeceo, a o ee ea oa.

      ec acac a e oco eoe. a pe caaec pao, e xopoa o.
     Opee o a "cepy ypo", Pycae oepae ee oaae xapaep. Xo o "oecea", oa ee eoe aaee, apy oco cyae ae paoc ceecoo acae.
     Pycae pace ppoy cey . o eo e, o coecoo cycca peye oo coa, paoro, coo eoo pae c. Coaco oe Pycae, cxoope cpo o ypaac yooce, pae ya "caoc coa", "caoy o".
     oecoe opeco Pycae cpaae c oapc pcae; oe oopyee oy cya pocee y, yoe yc, coa oeca exa yoa ocpoc. ope y oy, oopoy o opye oae. Tao xyo oa e coe arooyo ocy a opeco coca. o yee Pycae, o - pap coa. oo, o ca e oe, o - e .
     B pooe pao xapaepyc o ecox o. B e aee peea (XII e) pyca o a eca oao paoopao a o coepa, a o apa. peoee Pycae oae ec apa ("o oo e oy oo, o e cocoe co oe "). eo ecoe ooo, peaa o e apooc acepco oa, eo cocooc peooea pyoc . o e ca oo oro, "o pa a cyao py ce, a o ecao".
     aee Pycae oop o pex ax . ep - o oeca o, "oocac cey poy", "oa eo eecoe, aee ocapee c", ee "pyo pa, caa c (o) o". Bopo - o ea, oopa "copacaec c ". o oepae, o opo ec "opaae" epo, ce (oeceo) , "ec e yoecy, a e a". Pycae peeo oepa pe - o pyo yey, . Mey e co o - "ea ". Pay a oecey o, o pac, o ye ocea ee, eoeece ("oce") yca, opao yxoo oae oaopaae .
     Ta opao, ye pooe eappyc oco yacecoo poope oa, xyoeceo peaoae oecoaeo ac .
     B pooe e apcoa ooe opa eaoo eoo (ypa):

          oe co e pepacee cea,
           eo p ypoc, pacopee ca,
          O oa, eoye, o cea coe ...
          Te e ce, oo ppoa x oece .
          (epeo H. oooo)

     B eo cpoe poa ae: "y epccy (poaey) oe, epeeey a pyc , ae epeo cxa".
     Bce o oapy pa acoa cea "B apcoo ype" oaac e: epcca (epcoa), aa-o pya epaypa e a aaooo cea. Copee ceo, Pycae coaeo cpye ae, coy poo pacpocpae cpeeeoo poo epaype (a a aae, a a Bocoe) pe ceo acpo. o pe y pey c e ayapoa cp, o-oy, coepaec eo oe ae a ocpe oece co coeo pee, a oe, o eae oox apea a co oeceo-oece peoo-ococe c. O coo coeo poee "epccoe" caae, Pycae paepae oecoae a opo eopaeco oe (Apa, , Xope, Xaa ee cpa - Myaaap, yaapo, Kae). B coec c eoopx cox epcoae, o ce Heca-apea, aop eye a yee a. Ho eoop epo o ce e oca c pyce ea (Ta, Tap). o oocoaoy e pycoo ap Baxaa VI - epoo ae "B apcoo ype" ( Tc 1712 oy), o aoa epccoo a ( cycoro epeoa c oo a pa poee) opeca Pycae - "ce cx o" paea caoy ee aopy.


( " ", , 1988)




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