" "





   


     M ye oop o ax Pycae a o ee aaee, oex pooe o. oyo ocyc oex aceo eo o. Ocaoc eep ecoo opoee a eoopx oco .
     Pycae, oeo, cooa oee o oaeeo pycoo oopa, a ae oce xyoeceoo a xpcaco ceoc, acoc, yxoo o (opa). pyca opa aeaa ceco o ox Pycae ooey oecy pe c pao cceo poo (eaop, eo, epo . .). Hapep, opa, acey paoopa opaa "cea", Pycae oepy coeopao epepaoe, oo a ee ay ceecy y.
     pyca acceca o XII ea ycoa oe-o cpeeeoo ocoo o, acoc apao-epcco epayp. paoee a, poa pye e po cepa oc "B", o ooe ore eca o coy accaa aaoepoecon ypyao .



, . XVI-XVII .

          p ce o Pycae coae cpoy ocopeoc ope oecx ypae, coy x eeapaeo c eyope yco .
     Ececeo, o oe aoco c xpcaco epaypo pae opeee oop oeco pe Pycae, ocoeo p pae peox yc oca e .
     Bae oao copoe xyoecex ypae, o pacpeee x cpoo cooec c opeo ceeco aae. oece paee cpeca appyc cooec c e, pye ax epcoae o oocc. Ta, apep, opa aa, ee e yxo o opcoa oe cyyo peacec pxa:

     aa a ea oe eya a , e ooa, o ooac, eo      cpoa, cya, ooa, e cyxoaa, ea eo ya, e      yaac a, eoa oa oeco opox apo. (ocpo nepeeo)

     opaea aepa oa ec, a , oce ea poo ("eypa a ", "e ooa, o ooac", "eo cpoa", "cya", "e yaac a"). Hapcoa x cxax oppe aa peape o, eyy po oopo pae ya cox opax aec, o opa peaea ea yeeco cpe.
     Ho oo ece cyae ea epo, ap cpay opaaec poo . epoe e oee Ta ocee ae coe eco: ", o co c... cex poa opo ea, poa co cepe" (epeo . ).
     ae coe e epae coepeca c Ta: "Teo coe opaao Ta po ye". Aaor pe cpeaec p opae pyx eax epoe o - Hea, Tapa, Aaa, poa.
     Tpoa Pycae, a ye oeeo, ee a coa: oco ("coe", apep, peaec ooae pacaa paca) aa. Oao cox ceoocx opaax Pycae , , . eo o yao-oaoo . O oe epe e caap. O pyco opa opa "eaxoeo cea", "cea e e", ooaaeo oeco, Pycae pe oca eco paco (Ta - "ce, e a o"). "Ce" eo poe e paa - "ya" (oapoaea ea) opyea "opeoo", o "oa", "yepa". ae paoy eaopy "po" -oy aoee pacpocpaex - Pycae oeprae coeopa oa. Poa, apa eo,- co paco , a ee aea a epc y o . Ocoo aoc - e epc eoax aoea cac ope, pyax, cax - ece pae cpoax:
     Poy cpaa: "Ke , co pepaco paea ae a pa?" Ta oea oa: "ope caoy ay. Pe pea ea,- Kpacoa ypa peec, ec ye ce aa". (epeo. epeo)
     oo, o o e opa opa opceco oece, oa pe e o oo ee aa Aay: "Bopo, poy opea, ca axoe cooe" (epeo . epeo)
     pecae Pycae o eecx eax oop o eo poo opaoaoc, eocpeceo aoce c oce acpooeco ay oo pee, o ac ao cyae o epec c pyo o . Acpae opa oe epepoa cooec c opeo xyoeceo aae, oopy ca epe coo o.
     "Coo coe a pecoe, oaac (Ta)"; "epe coe co (Ta) coc o (Aa), e ". peee pep (co x eo oo o yo) oe coe ppy cooae acpax opao opae, a caa, caeco . Oao epea a eoeecx yc o, - paa, e a aco,- peae opa eecx e ye poecce x e e.
     oop o ea cpaax repoe, o yoa yepy yy, ooy . poooo aee aee opa oo y: o peaae pae paoc cac. Pycae coye ae ece ey acpae - pepy, peax ox apoo pee o ooeo ee (paoo) ye. B "Be apcoo ype" oo ooec opa pee Heca, ocooee oopo ea ae cocae cey ya o.
     o oec epeocce acpa opa poxo epe ce poeee aepaec ao oe Kaeco peoc. B ao cyae oea occec a opeco opa a o; e ya cya ec aee ex opao-. o oecoe aepee e ce o:

        Bcao coe a ee, ea paa poceea,
        o yo opoo, opoe e e .

       (epeo H. aoooo)

     Pycae xopoo ao c acpooeco coo coeo pee, opaec aeaeo oe "". Opac ye cpa, Aa opaaec c oo eec cea: Coy, ye . oy eco acpoorecoe aee aoo x ce, o cae c yee yca yoa . Coe - opa oeca, ceoyee ceo, aeeoe c paa; ya (Cayp) - ceo ea cop; Myap (ep) eae cpaeoc; Mapx (Mapc) - poopoe, eo oe - paa ey ; Acpo (Beepa) -aea cee; Oap (Mepyp) - ceo a; ya (o ooa ye epoo oeaopa o Baxaa VI) - opoea ocx ox. Oyxoopee ce, acoaoe xpcaco ocox epoa, ec cao o cee epeco; peca cea coyaca eoeeco cy, o coo ycpae pa ey eoeo ococo, peyae ero ocaec opeee xyoece e - oa Aaa ocpac a occa ec, yaa e pee pocpaa.
     Kca, o yeo acpao e cooa ae oec ocopo "coea o" (coe oyo), o e ye roop e.
     Pycae ooa pycy o epec eaopec . B eaopax paea opeca yaoc oa, aepa eo xyoeceoo e. Be pa Pycae, o cyecy, cepaec yopeee ax oepx eaop, a "epe oepa" (aa), "ep" (pec, ooc), "xpyca" "poa" (pepacoe o a), "ypyp" (pyooo ea y), "ey" (y), "opooo po" (epe ooc) . . ae, e aooy c ocoo oo, o oe eaop oe oaac ae cpa, a eoope opa ooe . Ta, apep, o oe, e oecyec o pea Heca yeeco ocyapce yaapo, aa ocae eyey ocy cpaa Heca ceyx coax:

          epe e aa e cea a oep,
           epoe o apa cop op;
          a epe epa epoy ox oep,
           pocea ep co opao pacop.
          (epeo . epeo)

      xapaepc yoro coco Heca, oopa epepo pae, opo epea payy c oe, ec pecaeo eoe coee eaop. Ho oec c Pycae opee pye - pe, opae eaop, oope co e ax-o epaypx pa ceeo opoe coceo oeco ye aopa: "Teo paoc opa, o po oa py".
     Tpaoe eaop, coyee aopo "B" oca ee paco epcoae o, pao cee pec o ce ea . o acaec oprax eaop, o o oe, a pao, e oopc cya o cpec, oox oaa yae pa ey ea epcoaa "B apcoo ype", ee co o aee ce xyoeceo cpyyp o.
     Pycae opaaec a eaopec opaa, oope, oy oa ceaoo cpae, poxo co c oy pa ay po pa cea. O ax opao - eaopa aep (apca), epepacaa opa-co . Papea Heca cpaaec c aepo: "Ta a eo pa (aepa) oeopa ". o opa acea aeaec coa . O oc oey apcoo yp, a ye o pe cox ca aepy (py), oopa caaa peaec o aca, a ae acep epec co o, epo, o oeye o op, ooece c pac o co oey ae aec oeoa eo. B aa e o - "B apcoo ype" - epyo ae oooe e occee eaopecoo opaa: ec coepeo ececeo opayeaec e oo Tap, o a, a o oopo o oc apcoy ypy.
     o epeo opaaec cpae, ocoe opx ae ceo ea opee, peae pecae, e cax pax oace , o pae oecoa oex eo oeax oee "eo", ae oo xapaep. "Co cex copo opya e oae, a cee oe",- coae Tap o o, a o ea, oep coae oce epo cpe c Heca. oo yoeoe cyy oopyee cpaaec c "". cpae peac apoe pyce oa: a, pe oco Xaae cpaaec c yoee pye. "B coco c o, cxa ee, a ypoay, oay c" - a paccaaec o cpee Aaa c ...
     Xapaepy Tapa, Aaa poa, cxox py c pyo coe eco co, oec, oao, Pycae, oao, oepae, o e Kaeco peoc o cpe x caoo oaoo - Tapa. o paae ero peocxoco cey opao:

          x e oax c op cpa ooo:
          oce pocoo yee o yoo,
           pee o, poxoe, , ye ep oo,
          cooe, coae o a ope .
          Xo coepo e a po, Aa -
          Cocac c Tapo e xao pa c,
          o coe aeae ae p ce ...
          (epeo . aoooo)

      c Pycae eca xapaepa aopceca opa pae c. ae ceo aop eec aeo, eepo cpoe cpo pecae coo coeopa oec o paccye, pecaeoo peyx cpoax. Aopcece cpo opaec ca c o xoo oecoa peca coo coeopae pece ocye pece: x coepae acpoee ac o opeo cya oecoa. Oe aop oy ccey e oee ac opee epe x pocoepae Pycae ye epao.
     C Pycae oae ae oopaoe peee apaeo - a ooex, a opex. ooe apae opayeae coeae yx co cxooo ae, pe oo x ae pycoe, a pyoe - . Hapep: " exa e e ee eoa, e o xe (pycoe coo), e oe" (apaco-epccoe). ooe apae peaec oe pee, e opae (apep: "yp, a e ey", "ooa, e cyxoaa").
     aeae pycaeece aepa: eo aroap ocaec eea opecpoa cxa "B". O oaex peepo aepa - cooae peeax pa ecox poox ooo oro e op co ("ap ap apoc").


( " ", , 1988)




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