" "




   


     "B apcoo ype" - eopaaeo ee .
Ka ye oeeo a, poee opec peaoa e p eop , oope eapao oe ee . "o ac oae",- oop yca coeo epo e o. a oaa ca - ecca oop co paceoro aopoa Heca Tapa, Ta Aa. Oa pae cc x oe a . Heca-apea c caoo aaa peypea oeyeeo o Tapa:

          a oopo caoc - x oe o?
          He pe ypy caa, yea po?
          (epeo H. aoooeo)

     o, ocea Pycae, aa o eoea, oocpe coae oeceoo oa, pae apoeco caooep.




(, , )

     Pycae cae, o o oa ocoo paa ce. o pooaae oy cooy ro yca, peo ocya pyee ace ope . Tpare, cyac c Heca-apea, a aa e, o ap apcaa pe a ee ay a eaooo e . apcaa oaac, oeo, o ao ee Heca Tapa, o ero o oe cace oep cpae c ao oecoro oyeca, opoe oo opac o paa Heca c aceo xopecoo . Haepee ap oe oo: "B pae ococyx acco c caoo aaa o ecxa eo,- ca . ec,- o aee ocoa paa aa cooc copo peoaaa a ce py coopae".
     Ta opao, pyc o XII ea ocaa eo o, o cpee ea ocy caoc "ecxa eo". opae cax copoex yc ae y Heca Tapa cpac poe, aca x ceo cy ay . Ha o oe oae epape, o cy ea, o, Heca caoc eo paeco epo.
     Pycae oaae, acoo epayo ecpaeo ocy apcaa, oop ca a o aaa. oa pooooo ey - apac ap Pocea: ya o ao Ta Aaa, o oe acpey, aoco x a cypyec .
      "Be apcoo ype" po aeae xapaep cpeeeoo epayp y e. Oeceo-oece yco, coec xpcaco py, cococoa pa oro ya. eco, o pycoy apoy y apeo-ay opa . Ee co ya (V e) " c. Ho" (VIII-IX ea) oepaec, o y e pa epe . P aeaex ecx opao (ca, oe oypeaex oo cpac) coa pye pyc cae X ea eopr Mepye.
     e aco pa ayc po oeco yypo cpa. B aoax peax py caac yeo oopo, a opaee py xpcao pcaec ee - co Ho. epo cae XII ea, copee Pycae, Hoo yaepe aca cea paa ay oxay eco ec ecoo ococa. Haoe, e aa, o Pycae ca ceee oyea py o ac e, ap Taap, oo pacea pyco ocyapceoc yyp. Be Pycae eo oe oroe ocp ya . "Ky e, eaoaa o c peoee epe e,- ca H. . Mapp,- ee cao opaoaoo pycoro oeca ox Taap".
     peoee epe eo ao coe opaee oe apaeoc o Pycae, yae a ocpe eco ec, eco . Heca-apea Ta e oo oeop coy eco : o ee, e eoeece ayp, aeee co eeya pace ae. Heca, aoea epcyy Kaecy peoc (co eoo paa), e epe caooaa, coxpae opoc yxa peoc . B x eoao ex ycox xpya eo, o yxo oya eya pooc coa yoo ypoc:

          He o ee o cep, o oa ca c coo?
          Hye pay eoey, o cpac c eo.
          (epeo H. aoooo)

     Heca-apea e aaec x epeax. Oa e oaec oa, oyc, aaoc , coepeo exoo ooe, a peo ero oeae. Oa e opo . Oa yae e o cee. Ee yea c o yac oeoo, o cye oeeca, poo eyex poex.
     co Heca-apea - paee oecoe paee e eco , opeca paya a ocec cpac, oxoea coe eoea, oooo a e o a e ep o oex ee, o a po o .
     Ocoo ceye oe, o c o coo ococe e o oycoc cye apco oep a peco c pao pooe ac a ocoooaae e oo "B apcoo ype", o ce coao-oeco py XII ea.
     ooo apacoy ap Poceay, pyc ap eop III (1156-1184) e e ca-acea, a o oe, a eco, o acec pc. eop ae e coce o xo ooe: o ee p (a Poea) oe a peco co o Taap. o ocoeco ao eooco y ac eo a, oy ee eoycoo aceco . peao ocooc ooee ooo ap oce cep oa. Pacp, ae oapee Taap, e yxa. Bce co xyoeceoro coa Pycae peeo cyae ay aooc payoc oape e, o e y Taap. oaa paoooc oooo noecoo aa, o po ec aop: "a e pa pyr pyy, y o caa cae" (epeo . Hyye). oepa oecy aooc ap Poceaa, Pycae ocyae coro ap apcaaa, oaaeo coe ocoo oep pae a o, pae a peco, oepo yy rop ax epoe o.
     Ta Pycae oe a poc, ooa py XII ea. Ta ececeo po opaac "Be apcoo ype" copeca eceoc ro .
     Ka ye caao e, o-oy, o ocoeco yo Pyae opac pey ceo acpo, o ayapoa coepaec eo oe e ae a ocpe oece co.
     o, ocey "Be apcoo ype", epo, ooy Heca-apea, eeo a cpeeeoo poo epaype. o e K. aoa, oa Pycae - "ya oa , aa oa-o a coaa ... o ce epoeco o c e, oe, e cpaa ecpaey oy pycoo ea, poe ye cpeeeoo ca cep,- oop o peoco oec "Tpca oa". eceo, peoco poae c opoo co opaea oya cx oo cpac. Ho e aa, o o Tpcaa o oa o ece cepxeceex, oex ap (o oe o ao). Ha ec Tpaa o oe c ceoo poa. o e acaec Tapa Heca, o oa oa oe . ocya epoe "B" pyoo o e oecea o peaepa . a aoc epoe o Pycae pae x peeccac xapaep.
     Pycae xopoo a ocoy, epy oepe epcoy, o. B coe poee o yoae epoe o "axae" poyc (Poca-Pycea), "Bc-o-Pa" ypa (Bc Paa), "e Mey" Ha (Kac-Kaca, Caaa).
     Oe oa, opa pae opae cpeca (eaop, cpae, aop) "B" ecoo aoa oy ypa (cepea XI ea) "Bc-o-Pa", cyecoay pyco poaeco epeoe XI ea - "Bcpaa".
     "Bcpaa"- yeae poa, oopo oecyec o eo o, o eoyao, eyepo poeco. Mopao-ece oco oo oe ypa acoo , o eoope yee (apep, E. 3. epec, . . Ayae) peoo ca, o Pycae, ooo, ca co oy, coaeo oaac o poee epccoo apa.
     Boe aooepo coocaee "B apcoo ype" c oa eoo aepaaa Ha - "e Mey" "Xocpo p". B caeo oe Ha "e Mey"paccaaec o c, yeapo, caooepeo , o oa, o acy aopa, e peaaea eoo cac.
     "Xocpo p" - poeee oo xapaepa, o apa. epa epcoa o - opa pepaco oeo p, yo ao e, oo poaeo, ceo, peeo, yee eae. oa cpac oa a yo oae ao- epe ayae e ooc eco ae yco ecoro ocoa. Oa cpaeo eoeeo ppec c ocope xoa Xocpoa, op e pa ya ee ae acexac a e (peoee ca aoe, oyceoe cooeoae o ooy cep apxaa, ea a Mapa aap p.). Ho eaeo ee cepe p poae Xocpony eo epacee .
     Heca-apea - epo pyoo caa. Koa pae peoc e oaaoc, o Tap e coey eoy coy e ae e ecy ec, oa oecoac, coo papea aepa, pea ecoo aaa oeoo ae .
     Opa p co ocoo epcoo epaype Bocoa ooe acoc "epe" Ha e (a cee, oay, Hyae eo e o "caepae"), ec coe cooc, opaeo oc, ocyape yo py ye epa.
     Hyo caa, o caoaea o p oe oo a oapaea . E yaoc epeoca, epepo Xocpoa. e axoc p cep, Xocpo po opaey eoeoc, eoc aoy eeo apeae y eo oce oce ox eccox oe p. yo oc "peopaaec caoc py". "Xocpo o o ypo epo".
     B coe pe E. . epec ca: "Coa opa p Ha aeo cee ooa oc xpcac pya. p ceao xapaepe a ee oc py o e o e a o o, o ea a a cooa e oepraac oy ye, oopoe o oo cpae ycya".
     Co e, y a Pycae eao oe ox ep, o eo, xyoeceo oe cox o paoe , o cyeceo oac py o pya.
     To e caoe oo caa ooe aax copae pycoo oa. He e coacc c . yepo (ee epeoo "B"), o oa Pycae o coe ee ope aoae papc poa oo a, oop o aao Epoe. o coa e pyccoo cneaa, "o Aaa Ta Tapa Heca-apea o aoae o cxox ycax epoecoo ypyaoo poaa, c oo copo, a ece c e o poaeco cpac, ee pay epoe apacx pao-acx o", oao "eaa oa Pycae aae coe coepeo ocooe eco cpe x cex ycex oo (oo aaa Bocoa) coa o oecoae ap".
     C oa ooc coaae ee acoo epaypoea M. oyp, oop ae: "Ec cpa oy "B poo ype" c oco aa oec poaa, oocc oy e coe, o oe ye oo oo, o pyc o "e o coey coceoy y". o coa oyp, Pycae o "ec eo cceo ". "Paa ey <Pycae> py poaec cae,- aae ac epaypoe,- coco o, o oa a o epecyc a opao paeee yeceee, Pycae ee opeeey cc, o peoe ... o eo e, oa (o) oa cyecoa peao pe cao c yece e. oee oceoaeo aeo, e cae paycoo epccoo poaa, o papaaae cc coeo ye oaae, o pooo , ec o o oo". pepo o e yxe caac payce aae o ay Mapce po.
     Heoope aopee pyceoo (apep, H. . Mapp, . A. aax, . . Hyye) ca, o oe Pycae a oo peapye o . He pae ooc oro e, pae, o "Be apcoo ype" pya pae ceo ay po opo eceo oe aac, o oa aeye a . Oao Pycae o e pooocae o pyy. Haoopo, pya o y ero e epap. oee oo, pya opoea ceooae o npepaco . epo Pycae opyc (opaac) a ocoe oo yca, o cace oaaec ee Heca-apea.
     o coa Pyae, "o cee pye e e, caoy cee o pa". pycoo oa pea ya py ca e a (a oo cpeeeox poeex), a p (a o ae pyco oope). pya epoe Pycae oc ceec pycy opy opaca, oay cpae c ocopecx pee o o ax e, ocoeo y ope (xecypo, ao, oxee). Tap Aa opaac, oc eo pye. o aa oo opay, Aa oae poo pa, aoo payaec c oeo, peepeae e cpaa, o co oe o pap-opaa. Be "ao pyy pa pya e cpac ca, oac cepe cepy oc o y" (epeo . aape).
     Myeceoe peee oaac o oo cac o pya-opaa e oea oopa apcea oea Aaa - Ta. oepa oacoc oo eoea, oa caa ac yeoro oo, o, a ee oco pa, ooa caooepe o peca ceoo yca .
     opaco pex cax e o Pycae copye pyy . Apa Aa, e Tap yaaape po e oo a aye py-opaa, o ca pyec ooe co . Hecop a o o a opao e co poy, x ooyeo aopoeee oeeoeecoe cpeee, x ca ea o, ea e. B peyae caooepex yc o oc eao oe a ope o. Beca oaaee o o co, poaeo py ey eyo oo e (Tapo Aca).
     Eco oeo py - aoa eca ppoa yaa Pycae.
     "B apcoo ype" poy aopoo ee apoa. C o oec oeo oca oe epoece oxo Tapa po epoooo ap-accaa Paaa, aee apoece ya oxa e peoe cooe ey ape apcaao eo oeaao Tapo. Tap Hea oca epec po, ocyapca e cox x . O eo cy po yee cyepex pa poo cpa. "He, e oo yecpay ocae yepc",- oop Heca co coceo e oc pooae: "Haa oe e oaec paa" (epeo H. aoooo).
     He, aoe, e co, o aoea pao peoc ae Heca-apea acoeo paa Tapa oce a oo opaoeo para poo .

( " ", , 1988)




|   "" |   |   |   |
:  
URL: http://www.russianplanet.ru         Date:January 2003  Project Russkaya Planeta
 2002 -, - Vancouver, Canada       ©Copyright www.russianplanet.ru   All rights reserved
List all links on this page    List all images on this page