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      - - . . , , : 1) , 2) , 3) , 4) , 5) -, 6) , 7) 8) .


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      , . , XVIII . . , . , . . . . . : , , . .
      , , , . , , , , , . : , , , , , , -, . : , XVIII . , , XVII ., , , . , .



      : 1) , 2) (), 3) , 4) -.

     1) . . , - , . , ; , , , . . , () . , .

     2) (). . , .
      , . . "-" , .

     3) .
     4) -. Cooe-pao cyae ax c epa, aca e e ooo oape-eao. Eo cc coo, e eoe pae poe yeo ecy a ppoy a e: ee eca poc, aa ep; ae o a a oe o cca Coo. pya epa Coo-paoa coco o, o o-oe oaae oe epce. o oo e, o Bapa, y a py Coo ooo epce, yxaac a eo; o e oa ac ooo aa. B pyo o Coo aaec . Kpoe x yx ep Coo eoop pca ep : Cooe aae e paxao; cpo oae eo paoe po; y Coo ec a ce o yax. ep, a ae cocooc Coo coooy ccy, oy y poy pa aea a oopoeco Coo, a eo cocooc pa ep ox ye opaa x . ooy oo ya, o opa Coo coc y oxy, oa ap ee epo ooe ppoe Keca Pyc ea oo caa aaac.
     Opa Coo, cyecy copeex ax, oaec o coeo peo pooa, a o o cpae ex py c pyo c a capo epea x. Ooe ey e, Cooe Bap opaac o coo oce, e oe ac ex , pe, ooy, cap e a a Coo e. Oooc peo oce coxpac o cx op eoopx apaax . Ta, o oo e, caae Coo po c coo a co y Bapa. o pyro e, , ey Coo Ke, oxa o y opoy Kpoy, oop ocae paa. opoc Coo oo ey "py Kpo eo". Cooe coacc. oexa o pay pyy, a Cooe o y. Io Kpoo oa "opx ooa" cy. a coa "pypyae" Coo yaoy cpee ee eo aee Ke. C oo apopye aeee ooee c Cooe. Ta, a py y Bapa paap ece coae o eo eao ooe peaae Bapy yoc Coo ae eea a oopa epa, pyo ae a , a pee ae ey cao a ey ayc aao pya. o oo e Cooe ae e oae: epe c Coo ey "poy" (y) "e ce a ce yax" oycae eo a o.
     o Cooe-pao pex ax pecac c eco epa, e ocec, oaaec co oa Ka epoco Oca Booy, acey Tpooy (1574 .). Ka aa oco ec ooc capoc opao opoe Ope. Oaoc eo oe xoo: o oe epe ayo payaa o pepx Moc, ooc o x opo aooe cea opa aaee paa. B coe ce Ka ayec a coe eaoe ooee, a xoo oo, oop o ep o eocaa po, cce ea ey opo. Ka poae o eco-pyo oca o Mypoe pe eo coey coceoy ooe: ooo oy, a y Bapa ac aooc cax Mypaea Coo ypoa, a acy oe, oa opo oaoc eo c. oae Ko, po c e Mypoe, Cooe ypo-e o, oop ece a o copee a, -. oaaeco oy cy pee ceo o, o ppaae Ko o Coo ypoa, ae exa, e Mypoy e eo cca. C pyo copo, oo capx ace Cooe-pao aaec Mpoe, a pyo ac o aaec po ypoe. Ta opao, XVI-XVII . Cooe-pao oc oeco ypo, epeeceoe oo a ao oap-exa. B capx acx e oopc o cep Coo-paoa o py , e oopc o o, o cc Coo oaa yeoe e a cy Bapa. , ca Coo c ya, copac, o cap ac, pea y eo cepe; o Cooe poc oyc ey yy a oae. Ha ocoa ceo oo oo ec, o Ka epoc, cooca Mypoa c Cooe ypoe, peca ce Coo-paoa ypoa x fecoo oepax, ee o opaaec oc copeex . o-oy, Ka a ax ooe Coo-paoa o, oo oy, oop opaaec eoop a o opoo Kpo. aeaeo ae, Cooe - pao ypo e pecac Ke paoo, yoo e. ep Coo-paoa, o-oy, oeo pocxoe.
     B ocoe opaa Coo-paoa, epoo, ea ep eceo cyecoae oc. B eocx eec ceyee peae o paoe Moye, e oxy Bapa: "aa xpoc eoeo paoa, apaeao Moya, ea ca pe Baepo, ocpa o ce cya o, ee ao: opya o ce a, o Baepe, ocoa oa pecy Eo Maep oopoy, o aoo e e coop a pe oo pe eo, o a yy oa c oa oeo. Ca e ce, Baep yc yo cepe oca eo o oy coey pooy, ay, a peae, oa e cxo oy eo. Moy e, aoe xpa, ao e cxoae oy pooa pe eco e e, yee cpee oo oaa, poe co cep, c po o o oco". Ec oy c, oopo oeeo o peae, o oaec, o oo e eoopy c c a o Cooe-paoe, ocoeo capo ac. Moy axae xpoc-Cooe pao axae aoap ocoe apoa Mypoa; Moy pee Bapy e-Cooe-pao o e caoe; Moy cpa "eo" epe Bapo-Cooe-pao acca epe ; Moy pacac oa co ; o cap ac Cooe-pao ae paaaec, a o oo copeex ooae e ocooa opo o epeco c.
     Cooe-pao - opa oap, pecae ee, c oop ec pxooc ec opy. Ec p o ae, o Cooe-pao ae a p opoo opoe Cyaco pa Ke, poxoe epe eppop, opy yc eca, op ooa, o pec peoo, o Cooe-opa oap ee e cx ee, x y e. c oeae p oxoo ecx e a e. o oa 956-964 pacaaec, o Coca coep oxo ayc a e, o oopx ya, o o a a xaapa. o 966 . cooaec o o, o Coca o e oo x a. B 981 . po e pepae oooc oxo Bap. B 982 . "apaac" : Bap coa oe a x o aec opaee. Taoo poa cooe, poo, aeo e ce oc, o op opa co oap, yo yxx . Ocoe poc e ece-epooco, eoco opeco. oc poce, opeco, ca c aae o epe: op (y) ycpaac epxx acx epee. o ce pooc, ao eo oap-op ee e o opae Coo-paoa; ooy Cooe pecae y a epex. o acaec eo e - Cooe, o oo oe oceo oae, cyecoa eep cyecy y x apoo aa co e ea , epe . . B oo o caa Cooe-pao caec opo; po c cy oap Cope apoe e. peoc opaa Coo oaaec, oo ceo eoeo, ae cey oo o e. B oo opaaec cxoco ee Coo cpaae y Coo o pe oo. Cooe oeae: " ca o poy-a eo o oa, o o poy-oa a ca, o Cooe po e epeoc". e Mypoy o "a ocay oaaoc", o ppy ec ec po . o o e e oooco apapxa ooe, oeo, coxpaxc cpe e o oy pee, oa y e o o op paa. Cooe, yy opao oap-a a, ocec pepac ycax , ax o pex ooex ey pa eea, paoa, ao poey opo; o epoaao, a o ca K epoo, Cooe e pecac paoo.
     o c Cooe-paoo aoae cooee Teea c eao . pocc c poe, Tee opac y-opoy yyc ec. B ecy o ayc a ao ypa, oac eoe . Tee apy . Heeeo oc ea epxo a . Ha opoc eaa, o o ao, Tee aa ce e ee. Ho ea oaac, o o-Tee. Bea cyae c Teeo o, pooac o eepa. Bea oyae pay, poc Teea oo pooee o o cyo , ae coeo poa c oo yec a, paae eo cee ao a oe. Oox oape cpa ea o ypa. o, eaa, oaac, o ey oo oape o o oe oep eyay, cxaae Teea o pya, a eo a e a co yape eo yao o e, o Teey oaaoc, yo y eo coaac e. Tee copo opac a ca py ea, o a e oc ce, a o oe - po. o ypa cpya caa yo o . Tee a ee. a yo o ypa pcyaa. Oa ec Teea. Ha pyo e o c ypo oooec, Tee p oo oap oeae coeo poa.

Tp o Mypoa

     B eoopo c c ep oy, axoc ce o pex ax . o ce pacaaec a p ac: 1) epo pacaaec o cpee c paoa; 2) o opo-o cpe c opoeo 3) pee-o axoe e aa.
      oae opey a, o oopo e p poca; p opoe. Ha ae a ac: "o oy opoey xa - yy , pyy xa-eay , a pe xa-6oay ". ayac a ac pe oxa o o opoe, a oopo oaa eo cep.

     1) Bcpa c paoa.
     2) .
     3) .

     "Tp oe" pecae oopx ax a aepee oo , oc oopx ypae. Bepoee oao, o ce "Tp oe" e pe eo ep , pe p e aee epo po c . ope o, aaee e, a, ap., cpa c paoa, aoae cpy co caa. oxoee c opoeo pae oe pacpocpae cao oa. B aacx caax opaaec apa Taapa, oopa aaaa oox e co ope o cpacaa x Tepe. B cope eex ece Mepa ocyec, ey npo, o opoee, oopa aaaa cee poex oe aa x a ocy, poaayc o . o o, o-oy, ec pe c Cooe-paoo, eo, , oopx coxpac oooc paeo cooe c oapo ee, oep Coo - paoa, copaec y coa . o acaec peo oa, axoe aa, o o coa yoeope o eco ca p.
     opaa epy poy c , a "Tp " opao paae e o o, o eeoc e oec cye, cy a ooe .

      -. . , -, . 968 . , , , " " . - , . " ", , . ; . , . - , . "", . -, : , , , . . , "" . , - . , , . , , , . , , , : " , ". ; . , , . , . , , . , , , . . . . . , .
      -. -, ; -, : ; -, ( , , , , ), - , .
      -, . , , . (. 1171) (. 1170) . , , , . . , : ", , ". , . "" . , : " , !" " ".
      : -, - ; -, - ; -, , - ; -, - ; -, - - , , .
      - , , . , , ; . , , .